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Sunday, 19 April 2015

Saratoga Campaign 1777: The American forces

Trying to peg down who was actually in the campaign can be a bit of a puzzle. However, with the help of Osprey Publishing Saratoga 1777, this should help me out.

I have some previously taken shots, but feel I need to update with some newer ones, so over the course of a few weeks, I shall be updating this post.

Many of the units which were in the American army were from New England. With what information I have, I shall document some of these on this blog.

The Continental Line

The Americans at first distrusted a large standing army, as in their thinking, this was part of the reason they rebelled, against a large British Army. However, after 1776, when the Americans began to understand they needed well trained and disciplined troops in order to achieve victory.
(A note on uniform colors, historical information only points to 1778.
Brigadier General Enoch Poor
1st New Hampshire: green coats faced red, red waistcoat, green breeches
2nd New Hampshire: sky blue coats faced red, red waistcoats, blue breeches
3rd New Hampshire: blue coats
2nd New York:
4th New York:
1st and 2nd Connecticut (militia)

Brigadier General John Paterson
10th Massachusetts
11th Massachusetts
12th Massachusetts
14th Massachusetts
1st South Berkshire Regiment (Massachusetts militia)
3rd York Regiment (Massachusetts militia)

Brigadier General Matthias de Rochefermoy
8th Massachusetts
New Hampshire Militia
Massachusetts Militia
Massachusetts Militia

Brigadier General Ebenezer Learned
2nd Massachusetts
9th Massachusetts
1st Canadian Regiment
Two Regiments of New Hampshire militia

Brigadier General John Glover
1st Massachusetts
4th Massachusetts
13th Massachusetts
15th Massachusetts
2nd Albany County Militia (New York)
17th Albany County Militia (New York)
Dutchess and Ulster County Regiment (New York militia)

Brigadier General John Nixon
3rd Massachusetts
5th Massachusetts
6th Massachusetts
7th Massachusetts
One regiment of Massachusetts militia

Colonel Seth Warner
Warner's Continental Regiment (Green Mountain Boys)
5 regiments of Massachusetts militia

American Colonial Militia 

Many American's think that the average militiaman was the backbone of the American army during the revolution. They may have had numeric superiority, but they lacked any sort of discipline or training. Being in the militia was akin to being in a shooting club. It was a social organization, one which had not had to face the prospect of war since 1763. Consequently, training had been minimal at best.
Historical information found in
New England Soldiers in the American Revolution
George Washington's Army 1775-1778 Osprey Publishing
Saratoga 1777 Turning point in a Revolution Osprey Publishing

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