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Sunday, 27 July 2014

French troops in the Seven Years War/French and Indian War: Louisbourg Garrision 1755-58

Soldier of the régiment des Volontaires-Étrangers, 1758
Soldier of the régiment des Volontaires-Étrangers, 1758
The régiment des Volontaires-Étrangers was a unit of German mercenaries serving France. First raised in 1756, the unit's 2nd battalion was sent in 1758 to be part of the Louisbourg garrison. It arrived not long before the beginning of the siege which saw the fortress fall to the British. This unit's grey-white coat with green collar, cuffs and waistcoat were unusual for German regiments in French service - most of them wore blue coats at this time. Reconstruction by Eugène Lelièpvre. (Canadian Department of National Defence)


Soldier with regimental colour, régiment de Cambis, circa 1758
Soldier with regimental colour, régiment de Cambis, circa 1758
The 2nd Battalion of the régiment de Cambis was sent to reinforce the garrison of Louisbourg shortly before the fortress was besieged by a large British force. When Louisbourg surrendered, outraged soldiers of this regiment burned their colours rather than surrender them. Note the white cravat tied around the standard pole. This and the white cross were common to all French army colours of the period. The pattern of green and red on the colour was the mark of the régiment de Cambis. (Parks Canada)





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